4 Nov 2021

NEW PROJECT DELIVERABLE ONLINE NOW: DEFINITION OF THE BASE AND REFERENCE CASES FOR THE KPIS ASSESSMENT
Among all the industrial sectors, the steel and the fertiliser industries are two of the most energy and carbon-intensive ones. The annual emission of the steel industry is equivalent to 9% of the total global CO2 emissions and 16% of total industrial CO2 emissions. Similarly, the fertiliser sector is responsible for a significant share of CO2 emissions, making the emissions directly related to these two manufacturing processes equivalent to 30% of the emissions of all industrial sectors.
In a steel plant, around 50% of the total CO2 emissions come from the power section where residual Basic-Oxygen-Furnace-Gas (BOFG) and Blast-Furnace-Gas (BFG) are used as fuel to cover the electricity demand of the plant. The remaining CO2 emissions are attributed to several sections in the steel plant.
CO2 direct emissions from the urea sector are mainly related to the synthesis of ammonia that is combined with carbon dioxide to produce urea. In fact, in the ammonia plants, fossil fuels are burnt to supply the necessary heat in the primary reformer.
The INTIATE project aims to show how in an operational environment residual carbon-rich gas from the steel sector can be used as a valuable feedstock for ammonia and urea production. In the demonstration of the bankability of this concept, a sound techno-economic evaluation is key.
In the Deliverable 5.3 ‘’Definition of the base and reference cases for the KPIs assessment” published earlier today, the base and reference cases along with the main key performance indicators are defined with the aim of the later assessment of the INITIATE concept. “Base cases” means state-of-the-art commercially available plants, while “reference cases” refers to state-of-the-art commercially available plants with CO2 capture technologies. Deep analysis, in terms of heat and mass balances, overall energy performance, as well as costs, of steel, ammonia and urea plants were performed and described in this document.
For more information: https://www.initiate-project.eu/

29 Oct 2021

NEW SUCCESSFUL STEP TOWARDS THE DEMONSTRATION OF THE INITIATE CONCEPT
Last month, to demonstrate the INITIATE concept at TRL7, the pilot Basic Engineering Package was successfully reviewed in Luleå, Sweden. This was part of the design-end engineering phase of the pilot.
INITIATE, is a European project bringing together industrial players and research organisations and demonstrating the valorisation of residual gases from the steel production into urea, the most common fertiliser.
The design combines different technologies from the project partners SWERIM, NextChem, Stamicarbon and TNO, using functional material supplied by Johnson Matthey and Kisuma Chemicals. The entire Basic Design has been reviewed on functionality, operation and safety.
This achievement represents a relevant step towards ensuring that piloting will successfully demonstrate the INITIATE concept of producing ammonia from Basic-Oxygen-Furnace-Gas (BOFG) and Blast-Furnace-Gas (BFG).
Important functionality is the advanced control architecture that has to be implemented to minimise the effect of the BOFG composition variability on the whole chain towards ammonia production.
The next steps will be the completion of the Basic Engineering Package, feeding into the detailed engineering.
The INITIATE consortium consists of major steel and chemical industrial players (ArcelorMittal, SSAB, Stamicarbon, NextChem), functional material suppliers (Johnson Matthey, Kisuma Chemicals B.V.), research organisations (TNO, Swerim AB, Politecnico di Milano, Radboud University) and experienced promoters of CCU, circularity and industrial symbiosis topics (CO2 Value Europe).
For more information: https://www.initiate-project.eu/

12 Oct 2021

INITIATE EXPLAINED: OUR PROJECT AND IT PERSPECTIVES IN TWO AND A HALF MINUTES
We asked our project coordinator Eric van Dijk, from TNO, to explain in two and a half minutes the main objectives of our INITIATE project, the core concept of industrial symbiosis and its potential contribution to mitigate climate change and boost economic growth.
The overarching objective of the project is to develop sustainable technologies to capture carbon-rich gas from the iron and steel industry and convert it into a valuable feedstock for the chemical sector. The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 7 technology will combine the continuous production of N2 + H2 and CO2 streams, with the innovative ammonia production as a precursor for urea, a widely used fertilizer.
Against this context, over the next years, science-based evidence on the reliability and profitability of our INITIATE process will be published regularly. That will not only aim to demonstrate how this technology can support industrial actors in decreasing their impact on the environment while ensuring their competitiveness but also how INITIATE can contribute to achieving the global climate targets and a more circular economy.
The INITIATE consortium consists of major steel and chemical industrial players (ArcelorMittal, SSAB, Stamicarbon, NextChem), functional material suppliers (Johnson Matthey, Kisuma Chemicals B.V.), research organisations (TNO, Swerim AB, Politecnico di Milano, Radboud University) and experienced promoters of #CCU, circularity and industrial symbiosis topics (CO2 Value Europe).
For more information: https://www.initiate-project.eu/